International Demeter Standards for production have existed since 1992, and have been further developed regularly. In June 1999 the International Demeter Processing Standards were first approved by the Members’ Assembly. They regulate the processing of food, cosmetics, textiles as well as storage, packaging and labelling.
The standards for Demeter certification express an internal agreement covering the outwardly active Biodynamic agriculture. They set the framework for the guidelines which are formulated by the respective organisations for Biodynamic agriculture in the different countries (hereafter called the “respective organisation”). Products that are marketed with the Demeter trademark must have been produced within these standards. The legal requirements of these standards are equally applicable to all producing enterprises.
Biodynamic work requires that one is strongly connected with the essential nature of the Biodynamic method, its principles and aims. To this end it is necessary to live into the natural processes using observation, thinking and perception. An ever-deepening understanding of the connections in nature, based on knowledge, can be gained by constant striving. Cooperative work in the various advisory associations, public events, magazines and books are all important sources of aid and support.
The special body of knowledge which is the basis for Biodynamic agriculture, insofar as it extends beyond practical and scientific experience, is derived from Rudolf Steiner’s “Agricultural Course” of 1924 , and the spiritual context of anthroposophy within which this course was held.
The Processing Standards for the use of DEMETER, Biodynamic and related trademarks describe the framework inside which products certified with these trademarks are subject to processes, which maintain value and which are continually being improved. At all places in these standards where the word, stylised word, logo, or trademark “DEMETER” appears, Biodynamic is implied. These standards are the criteria for the use of “DEMETER”, “Biodynamic” and other related trademarks.
The owner of a registered trademark is legally required to protect that trademark from misuse. The ownership of the various Biodynamic trademarks world-wide (the “flower”, the stylised form of the word Demeter, and the new Demeter trademark logo) currently lies either with the individual national owners or with the common international body, the IBDA. The aim is to transfer all ownership to the IBDA in time. The owner is required to protect the trademark, but can entrust other organisations with this task via a trust deed agreement.
The Demeter trademark may only be used by enterprises and businesses which have a valid contract with the authorised organisation, or a valid agreement covering membership rights to use the trademark (e.g. producers in a regional working group).
The use of the Biodynamic name on products, or material relating to products that is not linked to one of the above mentioned trademark forms is not allowed.
Every use of the word Demeter, and/or one or more of the registered Demeter trademarks in any form, is seen as usage of the trademark. It is also considered use if the impression has been created in the public domain (i.e. in the eyes of consumers) that the products are Demeter.
Beehives have accompanied human development since the earliest times. Their construction of a community, the relation to the light and their nutrition from the blossoms excite reverence and admiration at all times. Bee colonies are however more dependent on human care today than ever before. The strengthening beehives is a very important aim of the Demeter beekeeping.
Since 2009 (EC 710/2009) organic fish production has been fully legalized in Europe. The Demeter standard accepts these regulations as a basis and gives specific notes and supplementary provisions where there is need from the perspective of Biodynamic production. Regulations cover the production of fish in freshwater, especially of salmonids in the trout pond management system and production of various species including predatory species in the carp pond farming system. It is the responsibility of the operating team to gain competence in fish culture in general before considering Demeter certification. The aim is to create a unified Biodynamic system of aquaculture and agriculture.