Demeter Egypt; known as the Egyptian Biodynamic Association (EBDA) is one of SEKEM’s initiatives and has been established in 1990 aimed at promoting the Biodynamic agriculture movement in Egypt and in the region. In 1996 Demeter Egypt (EBDA) was registered in the Ministry of Social Affairs (No.336/96), as a non-governmental non-profit organization providing training, research, and advisory services in the field of organic/Biodynamic farming to farmers all over Egypt.
EBDA provides the training and expertise needed to enable farmers to have their land inspected and certified as organic according to EU standards, or as Biodynamic according to Demeter standard.
Building on SEKEM’s experience, expertise and success in the Biodynamic cultivation of herbs, cereals vegetables and cotton , and through multilateral cooperation with other organizations, EBDA raises awareness of the Biodynamic agricultural method that works actively with the life giving forces of nature. EBDA was the first in the world to cultivate and harvest Biodynamic cotton in 1991, both on an experimental and a commercial scale. Since 1994 the Egyptian Government has been supporting farmers to cultivate organic cotton.
A direct result was the landmark achievement of reducing the use of synthetic pesticides in Egypt by over 90%, from over 35.000 tonnes per year in the nineties to about 3.000 tonnes more recently. At the same time, the average yield of raw cotton was increased by almost 30 percent, while the fibre elasticity and overall quality was improved, compared to cotton grown with conventional methods.
To enhance the effect and efficiency of its activities and endeavours, EBDA is developing a knowledge database designed to facilitate communication and the exchange of information between all parties interested in Biodynamic agriculture. The rationale of the database is to serve the needs of researchers, engineers, farmers and producers in Biodynamic agriculture.